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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

22                  •                                IBfeXOAXIOS S'CHSMKS,

•with water ordinarily from 40 to 60 feet below the surface and a sandy subsoil^
ike construction of a well is a costly and difficult undertaking. In future, wheat
and barley, for which the soil when irrigated is well adapted ? will be the staple
produce i indigo and opium, now almost unknown^ will be gradually introduced;
vegetables will be more largely cultivated and double-cropping will become the
ordinary rule. Thus, not only will the yield per acre be increased by the facili-*
ties for Irrigation, but the prodnce will be of an entirely different and much
more valuable character.

A scheme for extending the irrigation of the Ganges Canal through the
parganas on iihe opposite—that is to say, the left—side of the Jamnn& has long
Been held in view. The branch which takes off from the main canal at Detra
in the Merath district has by anticipation been termed the Hit branch, though
its irrigation stops short in the Tappal pargana of Aligmrh, one distribu-
tary only irrigating a few villages north of Noh-jhIL The water-supply in
the Ganges Canal is limited, and would not have sufficed for any further exten-
sion ; but now that the Kanhpur branch is supplied from -the new Lower
Ganges Canal, a certain volume of water has become available, a portion of which
lias been allotted for the Mat branch extension. If the project be sanctioned
in its en&etv, the existing sub-branch will be widened to carry the additional
supply and extended through the Tappal pargana, entering KFoh-jhil in the vil-
lage of Bhure-M. The course of the main supply line will pass along the water-
shed of the Karwan and Jamuna Do&b to the emst of Bhute-ka, and then by the
Tillages of Dandisara, Harnaul, Nasithi, and Area till it crosses the Mat and
Baya road and the Light Railway. Thence it will extend to Karab, Sonkh, and
Pachawar, where at its 40th mile it will end in three distributaries, which will
carry ihe water as far as the Agra and Aligarh road. The scheme thus pro-
vides for ihe imgatiott of the parganas of Noh-jhil, Mat, Mah4-b®n; and that
portion of Sa'ci&bad which lies to the west of the Karwam nadi. About five
miles of Us© maiTu line were excavated as a famine irelief work in 1878 5 but
opera-ions were stopped inconsequence of financial difficulties, and it is doubtful
wheflwr Hiey will be resumed. There is also a considerable amount of well-
and Sa'd&b&d, which raider* the extension into those •

TSw diskidis <me which has often suffered severely from drought   In
in»14te]Hq^iboiidiood of SaMrms one of the locaEiies where the distress
w m*A intense.   Many died from hanger, and others were glad to sell the&
urivei nd dnUm for a few rap^s or even for a single meal*    la 1825-26 fee